Glossary of Terms
AEROBIC RECOVERY: Exercising at 50 to 65% MHR. The aim is to use up any lactic acid still in the muscles and convert it back to stored glycogen. Training in this zone also improves heart stroke volume, muscle capillarization and general circulation.
AEROBIC CONDITIONING: Training 65 to 80% MHR to improve heart stroke volume, muscle capillarization and general circulation, the body’s ability to use fat as a fuel, and muscular/skeletal strength.
AEROBIC THRESHOLD: Training at 83 to 92% (depending on the standard of athlete) to improve heart stroke volume, muscle capillarization and begins to train certain fast twitch fibres to operate like slow twitch fibres.
BPM: the number beats per minute in music.
CADENCE: rhythm, the measure or beat of sound or movement. Refers to steps or paces per minute while walking, jogging or running.
CAPILLIARY BLOOD FLOW: the volume of oxygen carrying blood vessels that flows through the muscles
COUPLING: a connection between two systems – in this case music and running
EFFORT/RELAX: Is the ability to have a relaxed movement after each movement of effort. When jogging or running it means being able to relax the arms and legs after each energetic movement of the arms and legs.
EFFORT INTENSITY CHARTS: These graph charts give a visual image of distances run at various speeds - Beats Per Minute. A great way of visualising the effort required for a run. Each run column is the distance covered per 15 minute run session (Run2Rhythm Music Track)
FAT AS A FUEL SOURCE: during exercise, once the body has used it’s glycogen stores it starts using the fat stored in the body as it’s source of fuel.
GLYCOGEN: (polysaccharide) stored in the liver and muscles and easily converted to glucose as a source of energy:
IN THE ZONE: is an almost trance-like or hypnotic state. A state of awareness during physical activity in which the mind and body functions automatically with little conscious effort.
JOGGING MUSIC: Original music that is specially composed for exclusive download from the run2rhythm website. It is music with different beats that match jogging steps per minute. It is ideal music to jog with.
LACTATE THRESHOLD: also known as the anaerobic threshold is the point where lactate (lactic acid) begins to accumulate in the bloodstream.
MHR: Maximum heart rate.
OVER-STRIDING: is taking steps longer than what they should be whilst jogging or running, thus affecting balance, posture and technique.
OVER-TRAINING: is training too much and not to a well constructed program. Not listening to the signals the body puts out when it is under too much training stress, running too fast and too long for your fitness and conditioning level.
OVER-USE: is training incorrectly and using certain muscle groups and tendons too much. Not recovering and resting sufficiently when necessary. Running and training at the same levels as normal whilst still experiencing soreness from injuries. Not being conscious enough of the warning signs of niggling injuries.
PACES: Are the number of steps taken during a set period of time
RHYTHM: a strong, regular repeated pattern of movement or sound
RUNNNING MUSIC: Original music specially composed for exclusive download from the run2rhythm website. It is music with different beats that match running steps per minute. It is ideal music to run with.
RUNNING SPEEDS: The speed at which you run over a set distance
STRIDE LENGTH: The length of step taken during a run or jog.
TECHNIJOG: Running at a slow pace with the correct technique